How Successful is REZUM for Enlarged Prostate? Everything You Need to Know

Benign prostatic hyperplasia or BPH means that your prostate is enlarged but is not cancerous. According to experts, the three factors below might contribute to the development of BPH:

  • 40 years and older men
  • Males with a family history of BPH
  • Men with medical conditions, including obesity, type 2 diabetes, heart, and circulatory disease

What is Prostate?

It is a gland in the male reproductive system located in between the penis and the bladder, right in front of the rectum. Its size is similar to a walnut. The urethra running through the middle of the prostate, from the bladder to the penis, enables urine to drain from the male’s body.

Also, the prostate produces fluid, which protects and nurtures sperm. It is responsible for squeezing this fluid into the urethra, expelled together with sperm as semen during ejaculation. As the male ages, it’s a normal part of aging that his prostate gets bigger.

How Does BPH Start?

When you reach 40, your prostate may grow the size of an apricot from a walnut. By the time you become 60, it may become the size of a lemon. Since the prostate surrounds part of your urethra, the enlarged prostate can squeeze the tube. This then results in problems when you pee. Generally, you don’t experience these issues until you’re 50 or older but can start earlier. This is called BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia).

So, what are the symptoms of BPH prostate swelling that you may experience? 

Symptoms of BPH

  • Dribbling at the end of urination
  • Inability to empty the bladder completely
  • Difficulty in starting to urinate
  • Increased frequency to urinate at night or Nocturia
  • Frequent or urgent need to urinate
  • UTI (urinary tract infection)
  • Inability to urinate
  • Blood in the urine

REZUM for Enlarged Prostate or BPH

What is REZUM?

REZUM is a procedure that offers many benefits to men with enlarged prostate or BPH. Though it works for countless patients, it doesn’t guarantee treatment for all men. Its success depends on the patient’s characteristics, including the size of the prostate, the severity of symptoms, and how serious the enlarged prostate triggers the blockage.

What to Expect During REZUM

On the day of your treatment, you can have light meals and lots of fluids. Depending on how big your prostate is, the procedure requires two to seven injections that last nine seconds long each.

First, you will be instructed to eliminate urine before your bladder is checked. If there’s still more urine in your bladder, it’s drained to avoid draining during the procedure.

Your prostate and penis are both numbed before the REZUM device is inserted. A needle is deployed, and vapor is injected into your prostate for nine seconds. This steam or vapor disperses between cells, then cools, releases heat, and slowly disrupts the prostate’s cells. 

The procedure results in swelling, so they will insert a catheter, which will remain for two to five days. It is hooked to a bag that stays on the leg and is covered by your pants.

Can REZUM Help Treat an Enlarged Prostate or BPH?

After the treatment, inflammation occurs that completely subsides within two to four months. Expect difficulty and frequency of urination that worsen before going back to normal at the fourth week after the procedure. At six weeks, you begin to get off your medications.

According to studies, the REZUM procedure offers excellent outcomes without any impacts on ejaculation.

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